Neurofeedback? Sure, trouble with mood, sleep, memory, attention, movement, pain … is best understood as “faulty brain circuits”; but the idea of changing the brain with Neurofeedback-based training instead of surgery seems rather far fetched. Doesn’t it?

  1. Neurotherapy for brain disorder DTI
  2. Brain Therapy Gold Coast

Who’s wired up YOUR brain?

Brains and computers have in common that
• they have huge numbers of connections
• they’re purpose is handling information
• they don’t always work perfectly—bummer.

However, there are also substantial differences. Unlike computers, brains are in a constant process of forming new and severing old connections. “Neurons that fire together wire together. Neurons that fire apart wire apart” is a brief summary of this concept known as Neuroplasticity.

Minds changed about plastic brains

Neuroplasticity has been a topic for popular TV science programs and best-sellings books in the last several years. It proves that the brain has the ability to acquire, process and store information by forming and strengthening pathways and connections.

It’s puzzling that most children end up walking and talking without any detailed knowledge of Neuroplasticity. Perhaps they are born with the intuitive wisdom that brains have the capability of learning.

Neurofeedback uses Neuroplasticity
Brain plasticity underlies Neurofeedback

Cabbies forced to grow theirs

In order to become a taxi driver in London, applicants need to learn and remember more than 25,000 streets and countless hospitals, stations, pubs and other landmarks.

Research with MRI brains scans shows how this challenge develops the function and structure of the specific memory area:
London cab drivers grow theirs!

[Yet, many tourists find, the cabbies should rather learn proper English and use GPS!]

Science confirms: Brains can learn!

While the discovery of Neuroplasticity has scientists all excited, it’s no real surprise for
• parents • kindergartners • schoolteachers
• university professors • language tutors
• sports instructors • behavioural therapists
• music coaches and other • educators who deal with teaching, learning and practice in order to selectively improve brain function.

Allgedly, even beasts can learn and adapt to new challenges, as • animal trainers have now finally revealed to investigators.

Neurofeedback helps brains
Cats helped discover Neurofeedback

Cats And Seizures For NASA (1967)

In fact, animals were instrumental in the discovery of Neurofeedback’s benefits:

For sleep research and with the help of milk and broth, a group of 10 cats was trained to produce a specific type of EEG brain rhythm.

Later, the EEG-trained and 40 other cats were exposed to toxic fumes of rocket fuel in tests for NASA. It turned out that the EEG training had doubled the 10 cats’ resistance against fume-induced epileptic seizures.

Even When Medication Fails

Today, EEG-Neurofeedback based brain training is an effective therapy for human patients with intractable epileptic seizures : When meds fail, Neurotherapy can still at least halve the fit rate in 80% of patients.

Parents of children with intractable epileptic seizures now face a difficult decision:
• Letting doctors cut parts of the brain out (Neurosurgery) OR • Neurofeedback-based brain training with EEG-sensors on the head in front of a telly (Neurotherapy).

Neurofeedback - natural treatment for brains
neurofeedback for mental health

When Children’s Brains Struggle

Neurotherapy is probably best known as the right therapy for kids with Attention Disorders, Autism or Learning Difficulties.

Sadly, many parents don’t know about it and allow doctors to treat these disorders like diseases with dubious medication.

However, even the pharma-biased AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) recognises Neurotherapy as the scientifically best supported therapy for ADD/ADHD.

A Look Inside The Brain (2005)

Pain is an experience arising from activity in the brain’s Pain Network. When subjects get to see this pain activity—for example represented by a log fire—they can learn to turn down the “burning pain”  with real-time fMRI Neurofeedback therapy.

That is handy for Chronic Pain patients as they can learn to correct the faulty circuits in their Pain Network. Today, we don’t need a multi-million, 50-ton fMRI scanner plus liquid helium ($30,000/month) for that anymore.

Neurofeedback Queensland
Neurofeedback Gold Coast

It Works For People With Brains

The US Army utilises Neurotherapy for the rehabilitation of soldiers with PTSD or blast injuries, but also with active personnel on forward operating bases.

Athletes, surgeons, musicians, stock brokers and others whose time is money use it to optimise their performance. And ageing brains keep sharper with Neurotherapy.

So, finally, how does it work? — Well. For people with brains, it works really well.

What Is Neurotherapy? (Video)

Modern Neuroscience makes the therapy of Functional Brain Disorders a deceptively simple training process, thereby “harnessing the power of Neuroplasticity“. In short: Brains can learn. Can you?

Now,
you’re probably
asking yourself:

Who is it for?

Neurofeedback Gold Coast Manikin

Or
you could
find out …

HOW WE DO IT

SELECTED REFERENCES


  • Kolb B et al “Harnessing the power of neuroplasticity for intervention” Front Hum Neurosci 2014;8:377
  • Mishra et al “Harnessing the neuroplastic potential of the human brain & the future of cognitive rehabilitation” Front Hum Neurosci 2014;8:218
  • Castrén “Neuronal network plasticity and recovery from depression” JAMA Psychiatry 2013; 70(9):983-9
  • Cramer et al “Harnessing neuroplasticity for clinical applications” Brain 2011; 134(6): 1591–1609
  • Pascual-Leone et al “Characterizing Brain Cortical Plasticity and Network Dynamics Across the Age-Span in Health and Disease with TMS-EEG and TMS-fMRI” Brain Topogr 2011;24(3-4): 302–315
  • Francis et al “Neuroplasticity of the Sensorimotor Cortex during Learning” Neural Plast 2011;2011:310737
  • Apkarian et al “Pain and the brain: Specificity and plasticity of the brain in clinical chronic pain” Pain 2011;152(3):S49–S64
  • Boudreau et al “The role of motor learning and neuroplasticity in designing rehabilitation approaches for musculoskeletal pain disorders” Man Ther 2010;15(5):410-4
  • Weisz et al “Cortical plasticity and changes in tinnitus: treatment options” HNO 2010;58(10):983-9
  • Vance et al “How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning” J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2010;48(4):23-30
  • Pittenger et al “Stress, depression, and neuroplasticity: a convergence of mechanisms” Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008 Jan;33(1):88-109
  • Fumagalli et al “Stress during development: Impact on neuroplasticity and relevance to psychopathology” Prog Neurobiol 2007;81(4):197-217
  • Bruel-Jungerman et al “Brain plasticity mechanisms and memory: a party of four” Neuroscientist 2007;13(5):492-505
  • Jang et al “Neurorehabilitation-induced cortical reorganization in brain injury: a 14-month longitudinal follow-up study” NeuroRehabilitation 2007;22(2):117-22
  • Carlson et al “Neural circuitry and neuroplasticity in mood disorders: insights for novel therapeutic targets” NeuroRx 2006;3(1):22-41
  • Esler et al “Sympathetic nervous system neuroplasticity” Hypertension 2006 Feb;47(2):143-4
  • Peled et al “Plasticity imbalance in mental disorders the neuroscience of psychiatry: implications for diagnosis and research” Med Hypotheses 2005;65(5):947-52
  • deCharms et al “Control over brain activation and pain learned by using real-time functional MRI” Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2005;102(51):18626-31
  • Fuchs et al “Alterations of neuroplasticity in depression: the hippocampus and beyond” Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2004;14;5:S481-90
  • Melzack et al “Central neuroplasticity and pathological pain” Ann N Y Acad Sci 2001;933:157-74
  • Jeffery et al “Modifiable neuronal connections: an overview for psychiatrists” Am J Psychiatry 1997;154(2):156-64


  • Zotev et al “Self-regulation of human brain activity using simultaneous real-time fMRI and EEG neurofeedback” Neuroimage 2014;85 Pt 3:985-95
  • Studer et al “Slow cortical potential and theta/beta neurofeedback training in adults: effects on attentional processes and motor system excitability” Front Hum Neurosci 2014;8:555
  • Scharnowski et al “Connectivity Changes Underlying Neurofeedback Training of Visual Cortex Activity” PLoS One 2014;9(3):e91090
  • Moll et al “Voluntary enhancement of neural signatures of affiliative emotion using FMRI neurofeedback” PLoS One 2014;9(5):e97343
  • Linden “Neurofeedback and networks of depression” Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2014;16(1):103-12
  • Hinds et al “Neurofeedback using Functional Spectroscopy” Int J Imaging Syst Technol 2014;24(2):138-148
  • Cannon et al “LORETA Neurofeedback in the Precuneus: Operant Conditioning in Basic Mechanisms of Self-Regulation” Clin EEG Neurosci 2014 Mar 3
  • Pineda et al “Neurorehabilitation of social dysfunctions: a model-based neurofeedback approach for low and high-functioning autism” Front Neuroeng 2014;7:29
  • Salari et al “Neurofeedback training of gamma band oscillations improves perceptual processing” Exp Brain Res 2014 Jul 4. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Pineda et al “Neurorehabilitation of social dysfunctions: a model-based neurofeedback approach for low and high-functioning autism” Front Neuroeng 2014;7:29
  • Astrand et al “Selective visual attention to drive cognitive brain-machine interfaces: from concepts to neurofeedback and rehabilitation applications” Front Syst Neurosci 2014;8:144
  • Holtmann M et al “Neurofeedback in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)–a controlled multicenter study of a non-pharmacological treatment approach” BMC Pediatr 2014;14:202
  • Ros et al “Mind over chatter: plastic up-regulation of the fMRI salience network directly after EEG neurofeedback” Neuroimage 2013;65:324-35
  • Haller et al “Dynamic reconfiguration of human brain functional networks through neurofeedback” Neuroimage 2013;81:243-52
  • May et al “Neurofeedback and traumatic brain injury: a literature review” Ann Clin Psychiatry 2013;25(4):289-96
  • Sulzer et al “Neurofeedback-mediated self-regulation of the dopaminergic midbrain” Neuroimage 2013;83:817-25
  • Scheinost et al “Orbitofrontal cortex neurofeedback produces lasting changes in contamination anxiety and resting-state connectivity” Transl Psychiatry 2013;3:e250
  • Lawrence et al “Self-regulation of the anterior insula: Reinforcement learning using real-time fMRI neurofeedback” Neuroimage 2013;88C:113-124
  • Zotev et al “Prefrontal control of the amygdala during real-time fMRI neurofeedback training of emotion regulation” PLoS One 2013;8(11):e79184
  • Bagdasaryan et al “Experiencing your brain: neurofeedback as a new bridge between neuroscience and phenomenology” Front Hum Neurosci 2013;7:680
  • Van De Ville et al “Recovery of the default mode network after demanding neurofeedback training occurs in spatio-temporally segregated subnetworks” Neuroimage 2012 Dec;63(4):1775-81
  • Caria et al ”Real-time fMRI: a tool for local brain regulation” Neuroscientist. 2012;18(5):487-501
  • Zotev et al “Self-regulation of amygdala activation using real-time FMRI neurofeedback” PLoS One 2011;6(9):e24522
  • Gevensleben et al “Distinct EEG effects related to neurofeedback training in children with ADHD: a randomized controlled trial” Int J Psychophysiol 2009;74(2):149-57
  • Gruzelier et al “Validating the efficacy of neurofeedback for optimising performance” Prog Brain Res 2006;159:421-31


More about Neurofeedback Therapy:

isnr Neurofeedback
Neurofeedback EEG Info
Australian Neurofeedback Society